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Vegan

Sabudana Khichdi

Recipes

Growing up, Sabudana (tapioca pearls) always reminded me of thermocol balls, nothing remotely edible to me. I never understood the appeal in eating it, in any form. And as fate would have it, I got married into a family whose daily-bread was tapioca. My father-in-law has been in the sabudana trade for decades, and the family is an expert in all things sabudana. Papa’s work desk has more sabudana samples than papers, and he can distinguish between qualities with the blink of an eye. With all this knowledge, they are also experts on how to best cook Sabudana.

The first time I did enjoy a plate of sabudana khichdi was almost a decade ago. Dushyant cooked the standard version with potatoes and crushed peanuts, and it was far better than the clumpy, oily versions I had eaten before. Cut to today, we still hardly eat any sabudana at home. We usually bring back a few packets from India trips, and they sit in the pantry for months. In pursuit of better rotating the pantry these past months, the sabudana got some attention, and we cooked this version a few times before finally writing down all the measures. No peanuts in my variation, because of intolerance and we prefer this mixed seeds version far more to the peanut one.

Ingredients – For 2
200gm sabudana (sago pearls)
Water, as required for soaking
~1.5 tbsp oil
1 tsp cumin seeds
1-2 green chillies, finely chopped
~ 1inch ginger, finely chopped
8-10 curry leaves
~400 gm mixed vegetables, chopped (I used potatoes, beans, carrots and corn)
20gm pumpkin seeds
20gm sunflower seeds
10gm white sesame seeds
Salt, per your taste
½ tsp sugar
Handful of coriander leaves, finely chopped – to garnish

Method:

Prepping sabudana:
1. Soak sabudana in water for 20 mins. Ensure there is enough water for it to soak and fluff up (water level around an index finger above the sabudana). After 20 minutes, drain all the water using a colander. Ensure all the water is completely drained but don’t squeeze the sabudana.
2. Place the drained sabudana in a wide bowl and leave it overnight. This gives a better bite and texture while retaining its form, and not turning it sticky after cooking.

Preparing the khichdi:
1. Roast sunflower, pumpkin, and sesame seeds lightly until fragrant and pound them coarsely in a mortar pestle. Alternatively, coarsely grind in a food processor or mixer grinder jar.
2. Gently mix this into the overnight prepped sabudana with ~ 1/2 tbsp oil, a little salt and sugar.
3. In a deep pan, add ~ 1 tbsp of oil. Once warm enough (not hot), add cumin seeds and let them splutter. Add curry leaves, ginger, and chillies. Cook at low heat for about a minute, until fragrant.
4. Add chopped vegetables, a little salt, and let it cook on low flame with a lid on. Cook vegetables until they are tender with a bite. This should take about 8-10 minutes.
5. Once the vegetables are cooked, add sabudana. Gently mix for about a minute and adjust salt if required. Cook for about 2 minutes on low flame with lid on. 
6. Turn off heat, don’t open the lid, and let it sit for 5 minutes.
7. Garnish with coriander and serve.

Notes:
– Typically, sabudana khichdi is made with peanuts but I have replaced it with a combination of seeds as I don’t eat peanuts. Feel free to use peanuts, following the same method – roast and coarsely ground. 
– The quality of sabudana ultimately determines the end result of your khichdi. Some might result in a mushy, sticky khichdi. We have been using Varalakshmi Sabudana (not sponsored) for years and it works like magic.

Chow-chow Poriyal | Chayote stir-fry

Recipes

Growing up, I remember seeing baskets full of Chayote with most vegetable vendors in Bangalore. For us, it belonged to a section of vegetables that were alien to the Punjabi kitchen and they never featured in any of our dishes. Curiosity has caught up over the years and I now try to learn more about different vegetables I come across and incorporate them into my cooking. Sometime last year, my Ayurveda specialist recommend I introduce more vegetables from the Gourd family in my diet as they are cooling in nature for our bodies. A little research on internet threw Luffa, Bottle Gourd and Chayote as the most common ones and Chayote was the only one I had never cooked with but had seen them in plenty here in Singapore as well.

Poriyal as they call it in Tamil Nadu or a vegetable stir-fry to simply put it is a regular side in our meals. I usually make it with beans, carrots or beetroot and found recipes with Chayote as well. Chayote or chow-chow as it is called in South India is a low calorie, slightly sweet fruit and enjoyed best with light flavours that don’t overpower the taste of the fruit. I usually serve it with sambar and steamed rice.

Ingredients – For 2
Chayote: 1 medium sized, chopped into 1 cm cubes
Cooking oil: 1 tsp (I used coconut oil)
Mustard seeds: 1 tsp
Urad dal (dehusked split black gram): 1 tsp
Curry leaves: about 10-12 leaves
Green chilli: 1 small (less or more per your liking)
Ginger: about ½ inch finely chopped (optional)
Freshly grated coconut: 2 tbsp
Salt: per your taste

Method
1. In a pan, add oil and let it heat. Add curry leaves, mustard seeds, urad dal. Let it cook for about a minute until mustard seeds pop and urad dal is slightly browned.
2. Add chopped green chilli, ginger and chayote. Cover with lid and let it cook for about 5-6 minutes.
3. Add grated coconut and salt and let it cook for another minute.
4. Turn off heat, leave the lid on for 5 minutes. Serve.

Notes
– You can either leave the skin on or peel the Chayote, younger ones with soft skin don’t require peeling. If you are peeling it, the skin leaves a little slime once peeled which can cause a little skin irritation. Wear gloves or peel under running water.
– Some varieties have thorns on the skin, ensure these are scrapped off if you don’t intend to peel it.
– The seed of the fruit is edible, there is no need to discard it.
– I like my Poriyal crunchy and cook it for a shorter time, feel free to increase your cooking time if you would like it to be softer.
– I add salt at the end of the cooking process as it retains a more vibrant colour.

Tomato Rasam

Recipes

We talk a lot about recipes and their origins and often look for authenticity in regional dishes. What may seem like an authentic dish today might have been different decades or centuries ago and was probably tweaked out of necessity. This Rasam recipe definitely falls outside the authentic recipes realm as Tomatoes are a new introduction to India, they arrived with the Portuguese around the 16th century.

I don’t know much about the correctness of this recipe compared to the origins; it is the only Rasam my Punjabi mother cooked at home growing up and she learned it from another friend. I love it because it is the sweet taste of nostalgia and takes me back to my childhood when getting home cooked sambar rice or rasam rice was a rare treat! This recipe is effortless and full of tangy tomato and tamarind flavours with a generous hit of black pepper. You are sure to have open sinuses after a hot cup of this Rasam!


Ingredients (serves 2)

Ripe Tomatoes: 2, medium sized
Tamarind: 5grams
Cumin seeds: 1/2 tsp
Whole black pepper: 1 tsp
Curry leaves: 12-15 leaves
Mustard seeds: 1/2 tsp
Whole dry red chilli: 1-2 small
Oil or Ghee: 1tsp (oil for a vegan option)
Garlic cloves: 2-3 medium sized mashed with skin
Salt to taste
Sugar: 1/4 tsp
500 ml water (more if required)

Recipe
Wash and chop tomatoes into about 8 pieces chunks. Cook tomatoes and tamarind in a pot of 400ml water for about 15-20 minutes or until they are soft and mushy.
In a separate pan, dry roast black pepper and cumin until lightly browned and fragrant, coarsely grind in a mortar and pestle and set aside.
Strain the cooked tomato and tamarind mix to get rid of the skins and seeds of the tomatoes. Add more water through the strainer to get maximum flavour out of the leftover pulp and discard the pulp. Set aside in the pot in which the tomatoes were initially cooked.
To temper – in a pan, add 1tsp ghee or oil, heat and then add mashed garlic pods, whole red chilli, mustard seeds, curry leaves and cook for about a minute on low flame. Add coarsely ground pepper and cumin and cook for another minute.
Add a ladle full of the rasam to this and mix it all back into the pot of Rasam.
Add salt and sugar, cook for another 5-10 minutes on low flame before serving.

Notes
– For more rounded, deeper flavours especially garlic, leave the Rasam for at least an hour before serving.
– Enjoy with steamed white rice, khichdi, or as a pre-meal soup.